USDA Seed Id Plates (Handbook #30)

 

 

United States Department of Agriculture 

 

 

 

 

Office of Information

 

 

 

 

 

Illustrations of Crop and Weed Seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plate 1

Negative #19806

 

 

1

Redtop

 

 

13

Fairway Crested Wheatgrass

2

Bent Grass

 

 

14

Standard Crested Wheatgrass

3

 Spike Bentgrass

 

 

15

Intermediate Wheatgrass

4

Spike Bentgrass

 

 

16

Hair Intermediate Wheatgrass

5

Velvet Bentgrass

 

 

17

Fine Hairgrass

6

Elliot Bentgrass

 

 

18

Silver Hairgrass

7

Winter Bentgrass

 

 

19

Short-awn Foxtail

8

Ticklegrass

 

 

20

Carolina Foxtail

9

Quackgrass

 

 

21

Water Foxtail

10

Western Wheat Grass

 

 

22

Meadow Foxtail

11

Slender Wheat Grass

 

 

23

Slender Foxtail

12

Tall Wheat Grass

 

 

24

Poverty Three-awn

 

 

Plate 2

Negative #19807

 

 

25

Big Bluestem

 

 

37

Oat (red)

26

Sand Bluestem

 

 

38

Fatuiod Oat

27

Little Bluestem

 

 

39

 Wild Oat

28

Yellow Beardgrass

 

 

40

Slender Oat

29

Australian Bluestem

 

 

41

Sand Oat

30

Angelton Grass

 

 

42

Narrow Leaved Carpet Grass

31

Silky Bluestem

 

 

43

Broad Leaved Carpet Grass

32

Broomsedge

 

 

44

American SloughGrass

33

Sweet Vernal Grass

 

 

45

Buffalo Grass

34

Windgrass

 

 

46

Side Oats Grama

35

Tall Oatgrass

 

 

47

Blue Grama

36

Oat (White)

 

 

48

Hairy Grama

 

 

Plate 3

Negative #19808

 

 

49

Downy Chess

 

 

61

Club-awn Grass

50

Barren Chess

 

 

62

Bermuda Grass

51

Japanese Chess

 

 

63

Field Sandbur

52

Hairy Chess

 

 

64

Crested Dogtail

53

Chess

 

 

65

Bristly Dogtail

54

Soft Chess

 

 

66

Orchard Grass

55

Smooth Brome

 

 

67

Poverty Oatgrass

56

Rescue Grass

 

 

68

Poverty Oatgrass

57

Mountain Brome

 

 

69

Tufted Hairgrass

58

Slender Chloris

 

 

70

Crinkled Hairgrass

59

Windmill Grass

 

 

71

Desert Saltgrass

60

Rhodes Grass

 

 

72

Seashore Salgrass

 

 

Plate 4

Negative #19809

 

 

73

Slender Crabgrass

 

 

85

Lacegrass

74

Smooth Crabgrass

 

 

86

Stinkgrass

75

Large Crabgrass

 

 

87

Boer Lovegrass

76

Jungle Rice

 

 

88

Weeping Lovegrass

77

Barnyard Grass

 

 

89

Lebman Lovegrass

78

Japanese Millet

 

 

90

Sand Lovegrass

79

African Millet

 

 

91

Centipede Lovegrass

80

Goosegrass

 

 

92

Louisana Cupgrass

81

Canada Wild-rye

 

 

93

Meadow Fescue

82

Blue Wild-rye

 

 

94

Tall Fescue

83

Russian Wild-rye

 

 

95

Red Fescue

84

Virginia Wild-rye

 

 

96

Rattail Fescue

 

 

Plate 5

Negative #19810

 

 

97

Nitgrass

 

 

109

Fall Witchgrass

98

Mannagrass

 

 

110

Perennial Ryegrass

99

American Mannagrass

 

 

111

Italian Ryegrass

100

Fowl Mannagrass

 

 

112

Persian Ryegrass

101

Lizard-Tail

 

 

113

Darnel

102

Velvet Grass

 

 

114

Molasses Grass

103

German Velvet Grass

 

 

115

Moorgrass

104

Barley

 

 

116

No Common Name

105

Little Barley

 

 

117

Rice

106

Meadow Barley

 

 

118

Indian Rice Grass

107

Foxtail Barley

 

 

119

Smilo

108

Wall Barley

 

 

120

Timothy

 

 

Plate 6

Negative #19811

 

 

121

Beaked Panicgrass

 

 

130

Hillman's panicgrass

122

Blue Panigrass

 

 

131

Hairy panicgrass

123

Berg's Panicgrass

 

 

132

Guinea Grass

124

No Common Name

 

 

133

Broomcorn Millet

125

Witchgrass

 

 

134

Vine Nesquite

126

Barbed Witchgrass

 

 

135

Para Grass

127

Fall Panicum

 

 

136

Browntop Millet

128

Browntop Panicum

 

 

137

Texas Millet

129

Gattinger's Witchgrass

 

 

138

Switchgrass

 

 

Plate 7

Negative # 19812

 

 

139

Bull Paspalum

 

 

149

Pearl Millet

140

Dallis Grass

 

 

150

Napier grass

141

Knotgrass

 

 

151

Timothy canary grass

142

Florida Paspalum

 

 

152

Reed canary grass

143

Field Paspalum

 

 

153

Little canary grass

144

Ribbed Paspalum

 

 

154

Harding grass

145

Bahia Grass

 

 

155

Canary grass

146

Brownseed Paspalum

 

 

156

Hood canary grass

147

Slender paspalum

 

 

157

Rabbitfoot grass

148

Vasey Grass

 

 

158

Tumblegrass

 

 

Plate 8

Negative # 19813

 

 

159

Annual Blue Grass

 

 

162

Plains bluegrass

160

Big bluegrass

 

 

163

Bulbous bluegrass

161

Texas bluegrass

 

 

164

Canada bluegrass

 

 

Plate 9

Negative # 19814

 

 

165

inland bluegrass

 

 

168

fowl bluegrass

166

wood bluegrass

 

 

169

kentucky bluegrass

167

nevada bluegrass

 

 

170

rough bluegrass

 

 

Plate 10

Negative # 19815

 

 

171

kentucky bluegrass

 

 

o

no common name

b

rough bluegrass

 

 

p

inland bluegrass

c

wood bluegrass

 

 

q

long tongue mutton grass

d

canada bluegrass

 

 

r

mutton grass

e

fowl bluegrass

 

 

s

trinius bluegrass

f

texasbluegrass

 

 

172

giant foxtail

g

plains bluegrass

 

 

173

knotroot bristlegrass

h

Annual Blue Grass

 

 

174

grisebach bristlegrass

i

alkali bluegrass

 

 

175

yellow foxtail

j

sandberg bluegrass

 

 

176

plains bristlegrass

k

nevada bluegrass

 

 

177

giant bristlegrass

l

big bluegrass

 

 

178

bur bristlegrass

m

canby bluegrass

 

 

179

green foxtail

n

cusick bluegrass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plate 11

Negative #19816

 

 

180

common millet

 

 

188

black amber sorghum

181

hungarian millet

 

 

189

sumac sorghum

182

german millet

 

 

190

milo

183

white wonder millet

 

 

191

kafir

184

rye

 

 

192

hegari

185

johnson grass

 

 

193

feterita

186

sudan grass

 

 

194

broomcorn

187

sorghum - sudan hybrids

 

195

green needlegrass

 

 

Plate 12

Negative # 19817

 

 

196

scratch dropseed

 

 

208

Blunt Spikerush

197

sand dropseed

 

 

209

slender spikerush

198

puff dropseed

 

 

210

Autumn Spikerush

199

purpletop

 

 

211

Baldwin Spikerush

200

yellow trisetum

 

 

212

Kyllingia

201

wheat

 

 

213

horned rush

202

japanese lawn grass

 

 

214

bullrush

203

manila grass

 

 

215

common dayflower

204

sedge

 

 

216

virginia spiderwort

205

hairyseed sedge

 

 

217

field woodrush

206

yellow nutgrass (chufa)

 

 

218

grove woodrush

207

nutgrass

 

 

219

path rush

 

 

Plate 13

Negative #19818

 

 

220

wild garlic

 

 

232

pale ladysthumb

221

harvest brodiaea

 

 

233

ladysthumb

222

large flowered brodiaea

 

 

234

bigseed ladysthumb

223

tassel grape hyacinth

 

 

235

garden sorrel

224

blue eyed grass

 

 

236

sheep sorrel

225

hemp

 

 

237

peach leaved dock

226

stinging nettle

 

 

238

clustered dock

227

silver sheath knotweed

 

 

239

curly dock

228

knotweed

 

 

240

broad leaf dock

229

knotweed

 

 

241

western dock

230

black bindweed

 

 

242

golden dock

231

common smartweed

 

 

243

friddleleaf dock

 

 

Plate 14

negative # 19819

 

 

244

willow leaved dock

 

 

256

narrow leaf goosefoot

245

veiny dock

 

 

257

nettle leaf goosefoot

246

fat hen

 

 

258

red goosefoot

247

red orach

 

 

259

tickseed

248

wedgescale orach

 

 

260

hairy tickseed

249

russian pigweed

 

 

261

ringwing

250

five book bassia

 

 

262

sea blite

251

lambsquarters

 

 

263

halogeton

252

pitseed goosefoot

 

 

264

summer cypress

253

no common name

 

 

265

flatweed

254

maple leaf goose foot

 

 

266

russian thistle

255

bigseed goosefoot

 

 

267

red amaranth

 

 

Plate 15

Negative # 19820

 

 

268

spreading pigweed

 

 

280

red campion

269

spiderling

 

 

281

cowcockle

270

wild four-o clock

 

 

282

knawel

271

horse purslane

 

 

283

sleepy catchfly

272

common purslane

 

 

284

english catchfly

273

corn cockle

 

 

285

conical catchfly

274

little startwort

 

 

286

no common name

275

common chickweed

 

 

287

no common name

276

thyme leafed startwort

 

 

288

no common name

277

big mouse ear chickwood

 

289

bladder companion

278

deptford pink

 

 

290

forked catchfly

279

white cockle

 

 

291

night flowering catchfly

 

 

Plate 16

Negative # 19821

 

 

292

corn spurry

 

 

304

meadowrue

293

wingseed spury

 

 

305

california poppy

294

meadow anemone

 

 

306

sea poppy

295

field larkspur

 

 

307

opium poppy

296

menzie's larkspur

 

 

308

roemeria poppy

297

love in a mist

 

 

309

common fumitory

298

garden fennelflower

 

 

310

pale alyssum

299

tall buttercup

 

 

311

towermustard

300

bulbous buttercup

 

 

312

early wintercress

301

small flowered buttercup

 

313

bitter wintercress

302

creeping buttercup

 

 

314

hoary alyssum

303

hairy buttercup

 

 

315

bird rape, turnip rape

 

 

Plate 17

Negative # 19822

 

 

316

india or cultivated mustard

 

328

treacle mustard

317

charlock

 

 

329

smallflower

318

winter rape

 

 

330

hairy mustard

319

black mustard

 

 

331

field mustard

320

littleseed falseflax

 

 

332

prairie peppercress

321

bigseed falsefax

 

 

333

perennial mustard

322

hoary cress

 

 

334

american peppergrass

323

ballcress

 

 

335

ball mustard

324

no common name

 

 

336

wild radish

325

hares ear mustard

 

 

337

radish

326

salad rocket

 

 

338

no common name

327

rough blistercross

 

 

339

yellow fieldcress

 

 

Plate 18

Negatvie # 19823

 

 

340

creeping yellowgrass

 

 

352

little burnet

341

tumblemustard

 

 

353

no common name

342

hedgemustard

 

 

354

northern joinvetch

343

no common name

 

 

355

camelthorn

344

pennygrass

 

 

356

alyce clover

345

base rocket

 

 

357

kidneyvetch

346

avens

 

 

358

chinese milkvetch

347

oldfield cinquefoil

 

 

359

chickpea milkvetch

348

strawberryweed

 

 

360

sicklepod milkvetch

349

wild rose

 

 

361

flexous milkvetch

350

blackberry

 

 

362

nuttalls milkvetch

351

prairie burnet

 

 

363

ruby milkvetch

 

 

Plate 19

Negative # 19824

 

 

364

sensitive pea

 

 

376

galega

365

sicklepod

 

 

377

soybean

366

chickpea

 

 

378

sulla

367

scorpion crownvetch

 

 

379

rushpea

368

crownvetch

 

 

380

hairy indigo

369

slenderleaf crotalia

 

 

381

yellow vetchling

370

lance crotalaria

 

 

382

rough pea

371

striata crotalaria

 

 

383

flat pea

372

showy crotalaria

 

 

384

tangier pea

373

guar

 

 

385

groundnut pea

374

rattlebox

 

 

386

common lespedeza

375

florida beggarweed

 

 

387

kobe lespedeza

 

 

Plate 20

Negatvie # 19825

 

 

388

Korean lespedeza

 

 

400

black medic

389

sericea lespedeza

 

 

401

button clover

390

slenderpod deervetch

 

 

402

alfalfa

391

birdsfoot trefoil

 

 

403

cogwheel clover

392

hispid deervetch

 

 

404

white blossom sweetclover

393

prairie trefoil

 

 

405

yellow blossom sweetclover

394

big trefoil

 

 

406

sourclover

395

big trefoil

 

 

407

sainfoin

396

blue lupine

 

 

408

ononis

397

yellow lupine

 

 

409

seradella

398

spotted bur-clover

 

 

410

adzucki bean

399

california bur-clover

 

 

411

mung bean

 

 

Plate 21

Negative # 19826

 

 

412

field pea

 

 

424

poverty clover

413

kudzu

 

 

425

yellow hop clover

414

sesbania

 

 

426

rabbitfoot clover

415

velvetbean

 

 

427

suckling clover

416

smooth seeded wildbean

 

428

large hop clover

417

austrian peaweed

 

 

429

lappa clover

418

crooked clover

 

 

430

ball clover

419

cluster clover

 

 

431

red clover

420

drooping flowered clover

 

 

432

white clover

421

buffalo clover

 

 

433

striate clover

422

carolina clover

 

 

434

big flowered clover

423

teasel clover

 

 

435

persian clover

 

 

Plate 22

Negative # 19827

 

 

436

pinole clover

 

 

448

crimson clover

437

strawberry clover

 

 

449

zigzag clover

438

pinpoint clover

 

 

450

sub clover

439

alsike clover

 

 

451

fenugreek

440

smallhead clover

 

 

452

no common name

441

thimble clover

 

 

453

tiny vetch

442

tomcat clover

 

 

454

fourseed vetch

443

whitetip clover

 

 

455

hungarian vetch

444

seaside clover

 

 

456

no common name

445

kura clover

 

 

457

yellow vetch 

446

berseem clover

 

 

458

 no common name

447

rose clover

 

 

459

purple vetch

 

 

Plate 23

Negative # 19828

 

 

460

bird vetch

 

 

472

cutleaf cranesbill

461

showy vetch

 

 

473

dovetail cranesbill

462

common vetch

 

 

474

small cranesbill

463

narrowleaf vetch

 

 

475

yellow oxalis

464

narrowleaf vetch

 

 

476

flax

465

hairy vetch

 

 

477

woodland flax

466

woolypod vetch

 

 

478

puncture vine

467

blackeye cowpea

 

 

479

three seeded mercury

468

brabham cowpea

 

 

480

croton

469

alfilaria

 

 

481

turkey mullein

470

carolina cranesbill

 

 

482

flowering spurge

471

longstalk cranesbill

 

 

483

leafy spurge

 

 

Plate 24

Negative # 19829

 

 

484

toothed spurge

 

 

496

no common name

485

sun spurge

 

 

497

alkali mallow

486

snow on the mountain

 

 

498

prickly mallow

487

nodding spurge

 

 

499

plains cheesemallow

488

spotted spurge

 

 

500

henderson's cheesemallow

489

velvet leaf

 

 

501

yellow false mallow

490

no common name

 

 

502

scarlet globemallow'

491

flower of an hour

 

 

503

no common name

492

musk mallow

 

 

504

St. Johnswort

493

little mallow

 

 

505

wild pansy

494

running mallow

 

 

506

whitestem mentzelia

495

high mallow

 

 

507

bushy mentzelia

 

 

Plate 25

Negative # 19830

 

 

508

bractless mentzelia

 

 

520

no common name

509

hyssop loosestrife

 

 

521

fools parsely

510

dense flowered boisduvalia

 

522

greater ammi

511

striata boisduvalia

 

 

523

toothpick plant

512

scarlet gaura

 

 

524

wild chervil

513

scented gaura

 

 

525

wild celery

514

wavy leafed gaura

 

 

526

no common name

515

hairy gaura

 

 

527

earthnut

516

godetia

 

 

528

thoroughwax

517

seedbox

 

 

529

roundleaf thorowax

518

evening primrose

 

 

530

thoroughwax

519

cutleaf evening primrose

 

531

caraway

 

 

Plate 26

Negative # 19831

 

 

532

chervil

 

 

544

mexican milkweed

533

spotted waterhemlock

 

 

545

whorled milkweed

534

poisonhemlock

 

 

546

common milkweed

535

carrot wild carrot

 

 

547

butterfly weed

536

sickleweed

 

 

548

climbing milkweed

537

parsley

 

 

549

field bindweed

538

saxifrage pimpernella

 

 

550

hedge bindweed

539

erect hedgeparsley

 

 

551

ponyfoot

540

knotted hedgeparsley

 

 

552

ivy leaf morning glory

541

scarlet pimpernel

 

 

553

common morning glory

542

spreading dogbane

 

 

554

clustered blue morning glory

543

hemp dogbane

 

 

555

hairy morning glory

 

 

Plate 27

Negative # 19832

 

 

556

small seeded alfalfa dodder

 

568

curlybloom

557

clover dodder

 

 

569

scorpion weed

558

flax dodder

 

 

570

coast fiddleneck

559

large seeded alfalfa dodder

 

571

fiddleneck

560

field dodder

 

 

572

german madwort

561

chilean dodder

 

 

573

blueweed

562

common dodder

 

 

574

salt heliotrope

563

gilia

 

 

575

european heliotrope

564

bigflower gilia

 

 

576

european stickseed

565

globe gilia

 

 

577

western stickseed

566

needle leaved navarretia

 

 

578

field gromwell

567

skunkweed

 

 

579

forget me not

 

 

Plate 28

Negative # 19833

 

 

580

popcorn flower

 

 

592

motherwort

581

spatualate frog fruit

 

 

593

american bugleweed

582

blue vervain

 

 

594

white horehound

583

vervain

 

 

595

field mint

584

hoary vervain

 

 

596

american dragonhead

585

white vervain

 

 

597

catnip

586

ground bugle

 

 

598

heal all

587

black horehound

 

 

599

moutain mint

588

red hempnettle

 

 

600

lanceleaf sage

589

bristlestem hempnettle

 

 

601

lilac sage

590

american pennyroyal

 

 

602

spring savory

591

henbit

 

 

603

catnip savory

 

 

Plate 29

Negative # 19834

 

 

604

basil

 

 

616

taperleaf groundcherry

605

no common name

 

 

617

horsenettle

606

field betony

 

 

618

silverleaf nightshade

607

marsh betony

 

 

619

black nightshade

608

cutleaf germander

 

 

620

buffalo bur

609

american germander

 

 

621

cutleaf nightshade

610

forked bluecurls

 

 

622

not a seed

611

vinegar bluecurls

 

 

623

eyebright

612

jimson weed

 

 

624

roundleaf toadflax

613

black henbane

 

 

625

butter and eggs

614

purple flowered groundcherry

 

626

cow wheat

615

perennial groundcherry

 

 

627

american figwort

 

 

Plate 30

Negative # 19835

 

 

628

common mullein

 

 

640

redseed plantain

629

field speedwell

 

 

641

slender plantain

630

corn speedwell

 

 

642

no common name

631

purslane speedwell

 

 

643

crowfoot plantain

632

sesame

 

 

644

blond plantain

633

broadleaf plantain

 

 

645

rough buttonweed

634

blackseed plantain

 

 

646

virginia buttonweed

635

paleseed plantain

 

 

647

cleavers

636

bracted plantain

 

 

648

white bedstraw

637

psyllium plantain

 

 

649

purple bluets

638

branching plantain

 

 

650

field madder

639

buckhorn plantain

 

 

651

western snowberry

 

 

Plate 31

Negative # 19836

 

 

652

cornsalad

 

 

664

perennial ragweed

653

toothed cornsalad

 

 

665

giant ragweed

654

italian cornsalad

 

 

666

corn chamomile

655

cephalaria

 

 

667

dogfennel

656

wild teasel

 

 

668

yellow chamomile

657

field scabiosa

 

 

669

hairy goldenweed

658

scabiosa

 

 

670

great burdock

659

venus looking glass

 

 

671

lamb succory

660

indian tobacco

 

 

672

purple corn flower

661

yarrow

 

 

673

curly thistle

662

blowwives

 

 

674

plumeless thistle

663

common ragweed

 

 

675

large headed plumeless thistle

 

 

Plate 32

Negative # 19837

 

 

676

italian thistle

 

 

688

skeleton weed

677

safflower

 

 

689

oxe eye daisy

678

purple star thistle

 

 

690

chicory

679

bachelors button

 

 

691

canada thistle

680

iberian star thistle

 

 

692

bull thistle

681

brownscale knapweed

 

 

693

smooth hawksbeard

682

spotted knapweed

 

 

b

hairy hawksbeard

683

malta star thistle

 

 

694

burnweed

684

russian thistle

 

 

695

australian burnweed

685

scabiosa star thistle

 

 

696

daisy fleabane

686

yellow star thistle

 

 

697

horseweed

687

spikeweed

 

 

698

skeleton bur sage

 

 

Plate 33

Negative # 19838

 

 

700

galinsoga

 

 

712

prickly lettuce

701

curley cup gumweed

 

 

713

blue lettuce

702

common sunflower

 

 

714

nippleport

703

texas blueweed

 

 

715

fall dandelion

704

hayfield tarweed

 

 

716

rough hawkbit

705

no common name

 

 

717

cluster tar weed

706

orange hawkweed

 

 

718

chilean tarweed

707

spotted cats ear

 

 

719

false camomile

708

poverty sumpweed

 

 

720

bristly oxtongue

709

rough sumpweed

 

 

721

hawkweed picris

710

bigleaf sumpweed

 

 

722

prairie coneflower

711

tall lettuce

 

 

723

black eyed susan

 

 

Plate 34

Negative # 19839

 

 

724

tansy ragwort

 

 

730

dandelion

725

common groundsel

 

 

731

red seeded dandelion

726

perennial sowthistle

 

 

732

green thread

727

spiny sowthistle

 

 

733

meadow salsify

728

common sowthistle

 

 

734

new york iron weed

729

common tansy

 

 

735

cylinder immortelle

2017 Annual Meeting Seed Technology Journal